80 Common Accounting Terms
Usually, as your business grows, the economies of scale kick in and your variable costs are proportionally less and less of your overall expenses. Imagine that you contribute $500 per month to marketing activities.
While there is more technical and specific language in the field, the above are some of the most common terms used in accounting today. The number of students enrolling in accounting programs has grown by more than 100,000 since the year 2000, according to the Association of International Certified Professional Accountants. While a majority of these are bachelor-level students, the number of master’s accounting students has actually more than doubled . Students going after their PhDs in accounting have increased slightly over this timeframe as well, rising from 800 in 2000 to 946 in 2016. To meet these needs, FinancialForce works with a thriving ecosystem of partners that complement our solutions. Grow your company alongside the only modern ERP suite and the #1 professional services automation .
Questions About Accounting Terms
A company deposits its money in a bank insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in case of bank failure Accounting Terms or theft. An advertising company accountant closes the books to signal the beginning of a new fiscal year.
What are types of GAAP?
- Economic Entity Principle.
- Monetary Unit Principle.
- Time Period Principle.
- Cost Principle.
- Full Disclosure Principle.
- Going Concern Principle.
- Matching Principle.
- Revenue Recognition Principle.
This is the process by which you ensure that your general ledger (G/L) accounts are in balance with your ending bank balance for a specific month. If you have employees, you must use the accrual accounting method. So far, you have learned the essential accounting terms in plain English. You can now confidently speak with fellow accountants in an office or school setup. If you are a business person, you can participate in meetings and calls with accountants more actively than before. Revenue is the earnings that your company receives from day-to-day business operations like selling goods or provisioning services to new customers.
Small Business Accounting Services
A type of accounting that records income and expense accounts only. This is simpler than double-entry accounting but gives a less complete view of your company. Enterprise resource planning is a process meant to help you manage and consolidate the key parts of your business. ERP software is a step up from accounting software and, in addition to accounting, adds other key enterprise business features, such as payroll, advanced reporting, and human resources.
Termused when discussing INVENTORIES.Inventorycannot be valued lower than the «floor» which is thenetrealizable value of the inventory less an allowance for a normalprofit margin. Costs that remain constant within a defined range of activity,volume, or timeperiod. TangibleLONG TERMASSETS used in the continuing operation of a business that are unlikely to change for a long time. Periodof 12 consecutive months chosen by an entity as itsACCOUNTINGperiod which may or may not be a calendar year. FixedAsset- Any tangible ASSET with a life of more than one year used in an entity’s operations.
Net profit and loss
The board of a CORPORATIONthat issues stock is elected by stockholders. Maximum number of shares of any class a company may legally create under the terms of its articles of incorporation. An economic resource that is expected to be of benefit in the future. Probable future economic benefits obtained as a result of past transactions or events. https://accounting-services.net/ Any owned tangible or intangible object having economic value useful to the owner. Increase in the value of an ASSET such as a stock, BOND, commodity, or real estate. Amounts paid for stock in excess of its PAR VALUE or STATED VALUE. Also, other amounts paid by stockholders and charged to EQUITY ACCOUNTS other than CAPITAL STOCK.
At a basic level, equity describes the amount of money that would remain if a business sold all its assets and paid off all its debts. It therefore defines the stake in a company collectively held by its owner and any investors.The term «owner’s equity» covers the stake belonging to the owner of a privately held company. Publicly traded companies are collectively owned by the shareholders who hold its stock.
MUNICIPAL BONDtermreferring to thedebtof government entities within the jurisdiction of larger government entities and for which the larger entity has partialCREDITresponsibility. Unexpensed portion of the amount by which the price paid for aSECURITYexceeded itsPAR VALUE.
- ResidualINTERESTin the ASSETS of an entity that remains after deducting its LIABILITIES.
- Supplier or vendor payments are CLs since you need to pay them off in less than 12 months.
- Single-Entry Bookkeeping – An accounting process that uses on one entry, instead of debit and credit entries.
- While not required by law for non-publicly traded companies, GAAP compliance is critical for favorable views from creditors and lenders.
- A balance sheet is a snapshot of one financial point in time .
- Right granted by the Federal ConsumerCreditProtection Act of 1968 to void aCONTRACTwithin three business days with full refund of any down payment and withoutpenalty.
- Higher discounts may be applicable to larger orders, with smaller discounts for lesser orders.
The company then brings in $5,000 in net income and makes a total payment of $2,000 in dividends. Using the formula above, the company has retained earnings of $10,000 for this period. A Return on investment is a document that proves a buyer has paid for a product or service. In addition to the receipts consumers typically receive from vendors and service providers, receipts are also issued in business-to-business dealings and stock market transactions. Frank’s company issues a P&L quarterly and annually along with its balance sheet and cash flow statement. A company’s balance sheet shows asset liquidity from most to least, starting with cash, stocks and bonds and finally property, plant and equipment (PP&E). The high-low method in accounting is a common and simple way to separate variable costs from fixed costs.